مقالات و استانداردها

 STANDARDS – TRANSFORMER OIL


IEC60296 – 2012 – Fluids for electrotechnical applications Unused mineral insulating oils for
transformers and switchgear
Edition 4.0 2012-02

IEC60422 – 2013 – Mineral insulating oils in electrical equipment – Supervision and maintenance
guidance
Edition 4.0 2013-01

IEC 60450 – Measurement of the average viscometric degree of polymerization of new and aged cellulosic electrically insulating materials – Edition 2007-07


IEEE Std 637-2007IEEE Guide for the Reclamation of Insulating Oil and Criteria for Its Use – 1985(R2007)

IEEE Std C57.637 – IEEE Guide for the Reclamation of Mineral Insulating Oil and Criteria for Its Use – Revision 2015

IEEE Std C57.93 – IEEE Guide for Installation and Maintenance of Liquid-Immersed Power Transformers – Revision 2007

IEEE Std C57.106 –  Guide for Acceptance and Maintenance of Insulating Oil in Equipment – Revision 2006


ASTM- D4243-99 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Average Viscometric Degree of Polymerization of New and Aged Electrical Papers and Boards


CIGRE Working Group D1.01 (TF 12) 413 – Insulating Oil Regeneration and Dehalogenation

CIGRE Working Group D1.52 741 – MOISTURE MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT IN TRANSFORMER INSULATION – EVALUATION OF CHEMICAL METHODS AND MOISTURE CAPACITIVE SENSORS = AUGUST 2018


Iranian Standard 11593 (2015) – Lubricating Oil and Used Oil Rerefining – Energy Consumption Criteria in Production Processes



STANDARD – TURBINE OIL

ASTM D445 2017 – Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

ASTM D664 2018 – Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

ASTM D874 2018 – Standard Test Method for Sulfated Ash from Lubricating Oils and Additives

ASTM D130 2018 – Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

ASTM D665 2014 – Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water

ASTM D892 2018 – Standard Test Method for Foaming Characteristics of Lubricating Oils

ASTM D974 2014 – Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration

ASTM D1401 2018 – Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids

ASTM D1500 2017 – Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

ASTM D2270 2016 – Standard Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40 °C and 100 °C

ASTM D6304 2016 – Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration

ASTM D6595 2016 – Standard Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry


Laboratory tests for steam and gas turbine oil

Turbine Oil Analysis Document

Turbine Oil Analysis Report Interpretation



PAPERS


(CIGRE) Drying Of Power Transformers in The Field, Applying The LFH Technology In Combination With Oil Reclamation 2006

(CIGRE) Experiences from On-Site Transformer Oil Reclaiming 2002

(CIGRE) Identification of early-stage paper degradation by methanol 2012

A Field Study of Two Online Dry-Out Methods for Power Transformers 2012

Degradationof cellulosic insulation in power (P1) 2000

Drying and Rehabilitating Distribution Transformers 1959

Drying of Transformer Insulation – Fofana 2004

GUIDE FOR THE PURIFICATION OF INSULATING OIL

Measuring and Understanding the Aging of Kraft Insulating Paper in Power Transformers – 1996

Revised IEC Standards for Maintenance of In-Service Insulating Oil – Pahlavanpour 2004

The Oil – Moisture Diagnostic Problem of Aged Transformers



Book


Guide to Transformer Maintanance, MYERS

Service Maintenance and Diagnosing Transformer, Georg Daemisch



Thesis


Experimental Assessment of Oil Regeneration Technique for Transformer Life Extension

Properties of Transformer Oil that Affect Efficiency